This chapter of A Life of Fantasy and Horror: H.P.Lovecraft by Donald Clarke appeared in "The Arkham Advertiser" volume 1, issue 2. Copyright © 1995 Donald Clarke / Miskatonic University Press




A study of Lovecraft's life would not be complete without a look into his genealogy. Though he claimed not to be a good genealogist, the facts of his ancestral roots were of great importance both in his personal life and in his writing. To understand young Howard Phillips, a peek into that ancestry seems requisite. On his paternal side, his great-grandfather Joseph Lovecraft and his five children moved from Devonshire, England to Rochester, New York in 1847 because of financial difficulties. His grandfather George Lovecraft (1815-95) was, at the time, twelve years old. H. P. Lovecraft never met his English-born grandfather but drew a strong, romantic impression of him from daguerreotypes and photographs. He would always be proud of the fact that he was, on his paternal side, "only of the second American-born generation," (1) and would often describe himself as more British (and eighteenth century) than American. After moving to Mount Vernon, New York, Lovecraft's grandfather, George, married Helen Allgood. Her father, Lancelot Allgood, had been a British officer in the American Revolution who had remained in the United States after the war. The Allgood's English ancestral home was the manor of Nunwick, near Hexham in Northumberland. Lovecraft's father, Winfield Scott Lovecraft, was born in 1853, the youngest child and only son of George and Helen. Winfield's older sisters were Emma (who married Isaac Hill, the principal of the Pelham, New York High School) and Mary. Winfield was educated in private and military schools and specialized in modern languages. He went on to be a travelling salesman for the Gorham Silver Company of Providence. 

In contrast, his maternal Phillips side was classic New England Yankee from the ancestral lines of Phillips, Place, and Rathbone. Reverend George Phillips came from Norfolk, England to Salem, Massachusetts in 1630. Shortly after arriving, his wife died and he moved to Watertown with his many children. Lovecraft's great-grandfather, Jeremiah Phillips, owned one of the first mills in Foster, Rhode Island. His son, Whipple Van Buren Phillips, (Lovecraft's grandfather), was born on November 22, 1833. When Whipple was only thirteen, his father, still a young man, was accidentally killed in the mill's machinery. 

Whipple went to school at the East Greenwich Academy (then called The Providence Conference Seminary) and went on to teach in the country schools. Whipple left teaching to build a mill in the western Rhode Island village of Coffin Corner, which he renamed Greene, Rhode Island. He married his first cousin, Miss Rhoby Alzada Place, (who had been educated at the Latham Seminary). Whipple and Rhoby Phillips had four children: Lillian Dolores (1856-1932), Sarah Susan "Susie" (Lovecraft's mother, born 1857), Edwin E. (1864-1918), and Anna Emiline (1866-1941). Lillian and Sarah attended the Wheaton Seminary in Norton, Massachusetts. Lillian went on to the State Normal School and became a teacher. In 1873, Whipple Phillips sold off his estate and interests in Greene and moved to Providence where he entered the real estate business. He purchased a large home at 194 Angell Street in Providence, Rhode Island. (Later the city would change the street number to 454.) Despite Lovecraft's love for his grandfather and grandmother, their close lineage would become a source of fear for Lovecraft, a fear of the dangers of inbreeding, perhaps sparking his response to Cotton Mather's epitaph for his maternal ancestor: "'Hic Jacet GEORGE PHILLIPPI, Vir Incomparabilis, nisi SAMUELUM genuisset'. It is a cantankering sorrow of my life, that I am descended through another son than the more than incomparable Samuel!" (2)

Winfield Lovecraft and Sarah S. Phillips were married in Boston on June 12, 1889, and moved to Dorchester, Massachusetts. 

As for Howard Phillips Lovecraft himself, the future purveyor of horror and science fiction was born on August 20, 1890, when Winfield was 37 and Sarah 33. He was their only child and born in the Whipple Phillips home in Providence. Lovecraft's first year and a half were spent in Providence. In 1892, the Lovecrafts decided to build their own home in Massachusetts. While the plans were being made, the family stayed in rental apartments and with the family of Susie's friend, well-known poetess Miss Louise Imogen Guiney (1861-1920), in Auburndale, Massachusetts. The Guiney household was often visited by such famous personages as Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. Miss Guiney had a collection of Saint Bernard dogs which were named after authors and poets. Lovecraft had a fondness for one male dog named Bronte who would walk alongside as his mother wheeled him around in his baby carriage. Miss Guiney's mother was the cultured widow of a Civil War general. Mrs. Guiney called Lovecraft "Little Sunshine" as much for his temperament as for the long blond ringlets Lovecraft's mother had him wear. He was a rapid talker, learning his alphabet from his building blocks and his picture books, and was soon reciting verses from Mother Goose to entertain the adults. 

Of his father, he wrote, "I can just remember my father-an immaculate figure in black coat & vest & grey striped trousers. I had a childish habit of slapping him on the knees & shouting 'Papa, you look just like a young man!' I don't know where I picked that phrase up; but I was vain and selfconscious, & given to repeating things which I saw tickled my elders. I was highly nervous-[...]-& distinctly like to 'show off'. This latter tendency-& the vanity & self-consciousness behind it-later succumbed to good advice & the better perspective of life imparted by reading, though its disappearance was slow & gradual." (3)

The family house was never built. In April of 1893, Lovecraft's father, after a number of bouts of hallucinations, was stricken by what the doctors of the time called a condition of advanced cerebral disease or "general paralysis of the insane." Lovecraft himself believed his father suffered a paralytic stroke "...resulting from a brain overtaxed with study & business cares." (4) Lovecraft and his mother moved back to the Phillips family home in Providence. His father would spend the next five years until his death in the hospital unable to move or speak. 

Life in the Whipple Phillips home was to change young Lovecraft radically. Rather than grow up the son of a struggling, travelling silverplate salesman, Lovecraft became the young inheritor to the grand Providence manor of a rich, retired mill owner. The house was a three-story, fifteen-room edifice dedicated to the serenity and culture of the nineteenth century. It was an idyllic world for a young boy with its extensive grounds, terraces, walks, fountains as well a horse stable with coach and driver. When Lovecraft was four or five, the family coachman built him a clubhouse in the vacant lot adjacent to the property with a stair to the flat roof where Lovecraft would eventually mount his 

telescope. An avid railroad buff, he called this shack "The Engine House" and constructed engines and cars using his express-wagon and carts with packing crates. The whole lot and the family grounds became his railway. (5)

Whipple Phillips was a grand man who, in the style of the nineteenth century, had travelled in Europe and was versed in the art of Italy and Roman and Greek culture. Lovecraft soon came to revere his grandfather and saw himself growing to emulate his cosmopolitan ways. 

The entire household was well educated and upper-class. His grandmother, Rhoby Phillips, was a serene, quiet lady, prim and proper. She was a devoted student of astronomy and it would be her books that eventually gave rise to Lovecraft's own interest in the science. His uncle Edwin soon married and moved away from the house. His oldest aunt, Lillian, was a devotee of science and literature. She turned Lovecraft toward the classics and guided him toward his interest in chemistry. She would have been a great artist, Lovecraft thought, if she had not given it up when she eventually married Dr. Clark. His youngest aunt, Anna, was in the social life of Providence. She brought gaiety to the rather conservative household. Annie was dating Mr. Edward F. Gamwell, a Brown English instructor and editor of the Atlantic Medical Weekly of Providence. Lovecraft admired Gamwell second only to his grandfather, but was too young to understand adult relationships and became cynical of love affairs by the time Anna and Edward announced their engagement. 

And in the middle of all these adults was Lovecraft. He was greatly fawned over and over-protected. It is uncertain why but, either in truth, or because of his father's example, or because of his mother's overprotective attentions, Lovecraft grew to be a boy of what was called "fragile health." He would often have nervous attacks, migraine headaches, and insomnia. 

Very early on, Lovecraft displayed a great desire for knowledge. By age four, he began reading through the ample Phillips library and would look up every word he didn't know in the dictionary. His paternal grandfather, George Lovecraft, sent him the Lovecraft library since, due to his father's paralysis, he was now the family heir. Lovecraft was especially proud of the older volumes with fly-leaf inscriptions such as "Tho. Lovecraft, Gent. His Book, 1787", and "Stephen Place's Book, bought by Him in Boston, May, 1805." By the time he was five he had devoured Grimms Fairy Tales and The Thousand And One Arabian Nights. As he would later admit that "for attractiveness I favoured the Arabian Nights. At one time I formed a juvenile collection of Oriental pottery and objects d'art, announcing myself as a devout Mohammedan and assuming the pseudonym of 'Abdul Alhazred'-which you will recognize as the author of that mythical Necronomicon which I drag into various of my tales." (6) He attempted his first short story, "The Little Glass Bottle." It was a 200 word tale of a ship that discovered a treasure map in a bottle only to find out, after sailing half way around the world, that it was only a practical joke. 

At six, Lovecraft discovered the world of fairy tales through Nathaniel Hawthorne's 'Wonder Book' and 'Tanglewood Tales.' Though these were prose versions of the great Greek and Roman epic poems, Lovecraft embraced the philosophies of these ancient cultures. He also found, amongst his aunt Lillian's books, a copy of the Odyssey in 'Harper's Half-Hour Series.' "From the opening chapter I was electrified, and by the time I reached the end I was for evermore a Graeco-Roman. My Bagdad name and affiliations disappeared at once." (7) From the children's versions of the classics he moved rapidly on to an illustrated edition of Bulfinch's 'Age of Fable'. 

He also came in contact with contemporary tales of horror: "I never heard oral weird tales except from my grandfather-who, observing my tastes in reading, used to devise all sorts of impromptu original yarns about black woods, unfathomed caves, winged horrors (like the 'nightgaunts' of my dreams, about which I used to tell him), old witches with sinister cauldrons, & 'deep, low, moaning sounds'. He obviously drew most of his imagery from the early gothic romances-Radcliffe, Lewis, Maturin, &c.-which he seemed to like better than Poe or other later fantasistes. He was the only other person I knew-young or old-who cared for macabre & horrific fiction." (8)

In the winter of 1896, Mr. Manow from across the street, who ran The Providence Opera House, gave one of Lovecraft's aunts tickets and she took him to see his first play, The Sunshine of Paradise Alley by Denman Thompson, about Nellie O'Grady, the piece of sunshine in the slums of Brooklyn. Lovecraft had never seen slums except for that stage set. 

"In January 1986, the death of my grandmother plunged the household into a gloom from which it never full recovered. The black attire of my mother and aunts terrified & repelled me to such an extent that I would surreptitiously pin bits of bright cloth or paper to their skirts for sheer relief." (9) It also brought on the first of Lovecraft's many bouts with depression. He pored over the eerie Gustav Dore drawings in John Milton's Paradise Lost which he found one day in the east parlor. He began to have nightmares about 'nightgaunts,' a phrase he coined. He would try to stay awake rather than succumb to these nightmares. Lovecraft also discovered and embraced temperance, reading and rereading John B. Gough's Sunshine and Shadow

In 1897, at age seven, based on his study of classical mythology in Bulfinch's Age of Fable, Lovecraft wrote his first major poem entitled 'The Poem of Ulysses: or, The New Odyssey.' He also wrote a story about a cave of robbers called 'The Noble Eavesdropper.' In a letter to J. Vernon Shea in July of 1931, Lovecraft described this story as "about a boy who overheard some horrible conclave of subterranean beings in a cave." (10)

His younger aunt, Annie, married Edward Gamwell, now associate editor of the Boston Budget and Beacon (a fact that may have inspired Lovecraft's own publishing attempts). They moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

It was about this time that he began to feel the weight of his Puritan religious upbringing: "Religious matters likewise fretted me. I never had the slightest shadow of belief in the supernatural, but pretended to believe, because it was deemed the proper thing in a Baptist household. Sunday school so much depressed me, that I was soon relieved of that care." (11)

He became aware that the family fortune was dwindling as the servants and coachman were let go, the stables closed down, and the horses and carriage sold off. The only pleasant aspect of this was that the abandoned stable and coachhouse gave Lovecraft with an even greater playhouse. He built his own world here using a section of the coachman's apartment for offices and the stables for a great railroad terminal, theater, etc. 

Unable to paint like his mother and his eldest aunt (who had canvasses hung at the Providence Art Club), Lovecraft tried his hand at music, studying with Mrs. Wilhelm Nauck, a local violin teacher. This "career" lasted only two years. "I began to detest classical music, because it meant so much painful labour to me; & I positively loathed the violin! Our physician, knowing my temperament, advised an immediate discontinuance of music lessons, which speedily ensued." (12)

During Christmas week, Lovecraft was taken to the Opera House to see his first Shakespearean play, Cymbeline, featuring Margaret Mather as Imogen. The play and the sets impressed him to the point that he went home and created hand-painted pasteboard characters and performed the play again and again at home. 

In 1898 on July 19, when Lovecraft was eight, his father died in the Butler Hospital in Providence. After a private funeral, he was buried in the nearby Swan Point Cemetery. The effect of this on Lovecraft is uncertain. With few exceptions, he rarely spoke of his father. 

Living without a father in a Victorian household with a mother who was cold to sexual matters, Lovecraft fell upon the 'facts of life' on his own. He came across the family copy of Quinn's illustrated anatomy, Dunglinson's Physiology, and others. "This was because of curiosity & perplexity concerning the strange reticences & embarrassments of adult speech, & the oddly inexplicable allusions & situations in standard literature. The result was the very opposite of what parents generally fear-for instead of giving me an abnormal & precocious interest in sex (as unsatisfied curiosity might have done), it virtually killed my interest in the subject. The whole matter was reduced to prosaic mechanism-a mechanism which I rather despised or at least thought non-glamorous because of its purely animal nature & separation from such things as intellect & beauty-& all the drama was taken out of it." (13)

In general, Mrs. Lovecraft kept her son close and did her best to shelter him from the realities (and, therefore, dangers) of life. Lovecraft admitted that, being raised by a sensitive and overprotective mother, he grew up in relative isolation, forced to think of himself as unlike other people. He was, he claimed, a precocious child and "very peculiar and sensitive, always preferring the society of grown persons to that of other children." (14) When his mother asked him if he wanted to go to dancing school to be around other children he responded: "Nemo fere saltat sobius, nisi forte insanit!" [Almost nobody dances sober, unless they are insane] from Cicero's oration against Catiline. 

Though it had been decided that young Howard was too irritable and sensitive to attend school, in 1898 he finally entered the Slater Avenue School in Providence. He was taken in at the highest level of primary school since his home education had been extensive. His attendance was erratic and his indifferent health prevented him from making the usual childhood friends or partaking in games, but his own rapid progress in reading and writing gave him both a satisfactory substitute for social activities and a preference for the company of adults. He was, thus, a solitary child, though not a lonely one because of his many scholarly interests. 

It was at this time at the age of eight that he wrote The Secret Cave, which he described as a short story whose conclusion contains a violent death as did most of his stories. 

"In my ninth year, as I was reading the Grecian myths in their standard poetical translations and thus acquiring unconsciously my taste for Queen-Anne English, the real foundations of my skepticism (for religion) were laid. Impelled by the crude but fascinating picture of scientific instruments in the back of Webster's Unabridged, I began to take an interest in natural philosophy and chemistry; and soon had a promising laboratory in my cellar, and a new stock of simple scientific text-books in my budding library." (15) Chemistry, thanks to Aunt Lillian, came first. A family friend, Professor John Howard Appleton, a published professor of chemistry at Brown, presented Lovecraft with his own book for beginners - The Young Chemist

"But mythology was by no means neglected. In this period I read much in Egyptian, Hindoo, and Teutonic mythology, and tried experiments in pretending to believe in each one, to see which might contain the greatest amount of truth. I had, it will be noted, immediately adopted the method and manner of science! Naturally, having an open and unemotional mind, I was soon a complete skeptic and materialist. My scientific studies had enlarged to include geographical, biological, and astronomical rudiments, and I had acquired the habit of relentless analysis in all matters." (16) Lovecraft wrote a treatise called 'Mythology for the Young' and a treatise called 'Egyptian Myths.' 

About this time he got his first volume of Poe and adopted him as a model. Virtually all his tales were weird, for nothing has ever fascinated him half so much as the mystery of time and space and the 

unknown. Remote and inaccessible places and other worlds enthralled him. 

At the turn of the century, Lovecraft turned his 

interests to geography and history and began an intense interest in Antarctic exploration. The Borchgrevink expedition had just made a new record in South Polar achievement. He would write fanciful tales of the Antarctic Continent and composed factual treatises. He also wrote 'An Historical Account of Last Year's War with SPAIN.' 

Lovecraft again tried to attend the Slater Avenue School. The school had added grammar levels. Though he claims to have been 'intractable' to his teachers, lecturing them whenever they tried to lecture him, he attempted to fit in with his peers. It was here that Lovecraft made a few childhood friends: the three Banigan brothers and the Monroe brother, brothers Chester Pierce Munroe (1889-1943) and Harold Bateman Munroe (1891-1966). These were the core of the "Slater Avenue Army," a group of boys who staged wars in the neighboring woods. Chester would also join the United Amateur. Harold would later become Deputy Sheriff. 

One of the ways Lovecraft related to the local boys was to invite them to his 'Engine House' in the vacant lot. With the "Army" he built a little village of with roads and gardens protected from the Indians by an impregnable fort made of earthwork walls. This village came to be called 'New Anvik' after an Alaskan village Lovecraft had read about in a popular boys' book called 'Snow-Shoes and Sledges,' by Kirk Munroe. He managed, despite his scholarly demeanor, to remain one of the "guys." 

At eleven, Lovecraft wrote what he called his pompous book, two volumes of poetry under the title 'Poemata Minora.' These he dedicated: "To the Gods, Heroes, and Ideals of the Ancients', and harped in disillusioned, world-weary tones on the sorrow of the pagan robbed of his antique pantheon." (17) Unfortunately only the second volume of these poems still exists. 

By the next year, Lovecraft had written a number of other short stories entitled 'The Haunted House,' 'The Secret of the Grave,' and 'John the Detective.' He had written many non-fiction treatises: 'Acids,' 'Explosives,' "Iron Working,' 'Static Electricity.' His historical works included 'Early Rhode Island,' 'Ross's Explorations,' and 'Wilkes's Explorations.' His poetry included 'The Hermit' and 'The Aeneid,' 'The Argonauts,' and 'The Iliad' (all of which, like 'The Poem of Ulysses,' retold the epics). 

Lovecraft returned to school but "The most poignant sensations of my existence are those of 1896, when I discovered the Hellenic world, and of 1902, when I discovered the myriad suns and world of infinite space. Sometimes I think the latter event the greater, for the grandeur of that growing conception of the universe still excites a thrill hardly to be duplicated." (18) He began work on his six volume "Chemistry" of which only four volumes have survived. 

On April 10, 1902, Aunt Lillian finally, after years of courtship, married Dr. Franklin Chase Clark, M.D., A.B., A.M., a graduate of Brown, Harvard Medical School and Columbia College and a distant relative. Lovecraft was greatly impressed by Dr. Clark who was learned in classical languages and in poetry. The Doctor's poetry was also derived from classical form and Lovecraft would labor for hours over a piece in hopes to elicit praise from the man. But Lovecraft always felt inferior to Clark. He would watch enviously, in 1915 after Dr. Clark's death, as the Rhode Island Historical Society took over the Doctor's unpublished papers for archival safe keeping. 

In February of 1903, Lovecraft's mother gave him a 2 1/2" telescope. Professor Upton of Brown, a family friend, let him have the run of Ladd Observatory which was about a mile from the Phillips house. He would walk his bike up the hill to the observatory and coast back down. 

In March of that year, 1903, Lovecraft began publishing his daily paper on chemistry called The Scientific Gazette of which he made four carbon copies for "circulation." This paper was to continue for seven years though it soon degenerated to a weekly. Unfortunately no issues exist between Volume 1 Number I (April 12, 1902) and Volume 3, Number 1 (August 16, 1903). 

Aunt Annie's husband, Edward Gamwell, taught Lovecraft the Greek alphabet. Gamwell was the owner and editor of the Cambridge Tribune, (a fact that encouraged Lovecraft to found, in August, the Rhode Island Journal of Astronomy to replace the almost defunct Scientific Gazette, though for a time that year he managed to publish both). Annie and Edward had two children, a girl who died in a matter of days, and a son, Phillips Gamwell (1898-1916). Lovecraft liked and helped educate his little cousin who, unfortunately, died young of tuberculosis. After the death of his son, Gamwell turned to drinking. Annie would eventually leave him and return to Providence where she worked various jobs including librarian. 

The very small hectographed paper, The Rhode Island Journal of Astronomy, continued for a few years. He also wrote 'Antarctic Atlas.' At the age of sixteen (while still in school) he broke into professional print for the first time with a monthly article on astronomical phenomena in a new local daily, and followed this with other astronomical articles in the local press. 

Instead of returning to school in the autumn, Lovecraft was privately tutored until 1904, when he was fourteen. He wrote 'The Science Library' of which three of the nine volumes exist. The lost volumes has such titles as 'The Life of Galileo,' 'The Life of Herschel (revised)'; '6. Selections from Authros 'Astronomy',' and 'The Moon,' (Parts I & II). 

In the spring of 1904, Lovecraft received one of his greatest blows. On March 28th, his grandfather died of a apoplectic stroke. His death also brought the financial ruin to the family. As the president of the Owyhee Land & Irrigation Co., Phillips had weathered many calamities including the bursting of the Snake River Dam. But without him, the company dissolved resulting in a great loss to the stockholders. Lovecraft and his mother were forced to vacate the 454 Angell Street house and move three block east to 598 Angell Street. The loss of his paradise left Lovecraft emotionally broken. He vowed to become a success and buy back the family mansion. Perhaps he secretly knew he never would be able to and considered himself a failure because of it. 

Of the house he was born in, Lovecraft wrote, "In the mid-seventies, my grandfather transferred all his interest to Providence (where his offices had always been) & erected one of the handsomest residences in the city - to me, the handsomest - my own beloved birthplace! The spacious house, raised on a high green terrace, looks down upon grounds which are almost a park, with winding walks, arbours, trees, & a delightful fountain. Back of the stable is the orchard, whose fruits have delighted so 

many of my sad (?) childish hours. The place is sold now, & many of the things I have described in the present tense, ought to be described in the past tense..." (19)

Young Lovecraft did, however, resurrect New Anvik in a lot near his new house with the help of his friends Chester and Harold Munroe. It was his personal attempt to recreate some of the lost glory of the Phillips estate. 

In the autumn, he entered the Hope Street High School.


(1) Willis Conover, LOVECRAFT AT LAST, 1975, Carrollton Clark
(2) Letter to Edwin Baird, Feb. 3, 1924, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House
(3) Letter to J. Vernon Shea, Feb. 4, 1934, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol IV, Arkham House
(4) Letter to Reinhardt Kleiner, Nov. 16, 1916, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House
(5) The Gallomo 1920, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House
(6) Letter to Edwin Baird, Feb. 3, 1924, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House
(7) Ibid
(8) Letter to J. Vernon Shea, Feb. 4, 1934, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol III, Arkham House
(9) Letter to Reinhardt Kleiner, Nov. 16, 1916, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House
(10) S.T. Joshi, H.P. LOVECRAFT: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY, 1981, Kent State University
(11) Letter to Reinhardt Kleiner, Nov. 16, 1916, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House
(12) Ibid
(13) Letter to J. Vernon Shea, Feb. 4, 1934, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol IV, Arkham House
(14) Robert Bloch, "Heritage of Horror" Preface, THE DUNWICH HORROR AND OTHERS, Arkham House, 7th edition, c. 1982
(15) Letter to Edwin Baird, Feb. 3, 1924, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House
(16) Ibid
(17) Ibid
(18) Ibid
(19) Letter to Reinhardt Kleiner, Nov. 16, 1916, SELECTED LETTERS OF H.P. LOVECRAFT, Vol I, Arkham House




F. Lee Baldwin - H.P. Lovecraft: A Biographical Sketch, Fantasy Magazine,
L Sprague de Camp - Lovecraft: A Biography, 1975, Doubleday
August Derleth and Donald Wandrei - Selected Letters, Volume 1, 1965, Arkham House
August Derleth and James Turner - Selected Letters, Volume 4, 1965, Arkham House

H.P. Lovecraft and Willis Conover - Lovecraft at Last, 1975, Carrollton Clark
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